These paintings were done over a period of several years and began out of interest in everyday acts of cruelty, often within a family. When I began "DAD: VOSGES MOUNTAINS:1944" I was interested in in exploring the courage, terror, grief, my father experienced during WW2, realizing it was something I would never understand. Since then we've had 9/11 and war. So the small acts of cruelty and the gigantic ones came together in my mind. I believe my father's horrible experience in War contributed to what was considered a very acceptable level of brutality in our home. And I recall a New Yorker article, around Nov. 2001, in which a San Diego Professor who had befriended one of the terrorists recalled inquiring about a terrible scar on his arm. The young man answered, off-handedly, that his father had tried to kill him.